The Express entry and provincial nominee program are the best pathway for those who want to immigrate to Canada from India as an engineer.
Canada is focusing more on bringing in immigrants who can contribute to the country’s economy. They are giving preference to specific professions through programs like Express Entry and Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). Among these professions, engineers are highly valued in Canada’s job market. Both federal and provincial immigration authorities have expressed their requirement for different types of engineers all over the country. This means that Indians have numerous chances to immigrate to Canada from India as an Engineer.
The immigration system in Canada is changing to attract individuals who can help the country’s economy grow. They want people with specific skills, and this is being done through programs like Express Entry and Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). Among the professions that are in high demand, engineers stand out. The government, at both federal and provincial levels, is actively looking for various kinds of engineers all across Canada. This opens up plenty of opportunities for engineers who want immigration to Canada from India.
If professional engineers want to move to Canada and become permanent residents directly, without going through the step of getting a work permit first, they have two options: Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
Express Entry is a major system in Canada for people looking to immigrate for economic reasons. It’s an electronic system that includes three immigration programs: Canada Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). This year, Express Entry Canada has introduced category-based draws to better tackle Canada’s job shortages. These categories are specific groups of jobs, and if candidates have experience in these professions, they can be chosen and invited to apply for permanent residence.
They fall under the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) category in Express Entry Canada for engineers. This category includes targeted occupations, and those with experience in engineering professions can be selected and asked to apply for permanent residency in Canada.
In engineering, specific occupations like Civil Engineers (NOC Code: 21300), Computer Engineers (NOC Code: 21311), Electrical and Electronics Engineers (NOC Code: 21310), Engineering Managers (NOC Code: 20010), Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers (NOC Code: 21321), Metallurgical and Materials Engineers (NOC Code: 21322), and Software Engineers and Designers (NOC Code: 21231) are targeted under Canada’s immigration programs.
Provincial Nominee Program
Provincial Nominee Program (PNPs) are a key route for economic immigration in Canada. These programs are managed by each province, except for Nunavut and Quebec, which has its own system. PNPs aim to distribute the benefits of immigration evenly across the country and address the specific needs of each province in terms of labor, economy, and demographics. Unlike Express Entry, PNPs have a longer history of focusing on particular professions.
PNPs have been targeting specific professions for a more extended period compared to Express Entry. Each province has its list of in-demand occupations, and engineers often find a significant place in these lists. For example, British Columbia focuses on seven engineering professions through its PNP. You can find more information about targeted professions by doing a web search or reading specific articles about the in-demand occupations for the Provincial Nominee Program you are interested in.
Just like in Express Entry, there are certain criteria that must be met to be eligible for PNPs. It’s crucial to note that these criteria can vary significantly between different PNPs and their specific immigration streams. To better understand the process of applying to a PNP, it’s advisable to explore the individual requirements of the PNP you are considering.
Temporary Foreign Worker Program
The Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) is a joint effort managed by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and IRCC. Its main goal is to help Canadian employers fill actual labor shortages by hiring international workers. However, the program prioritizes Canadian permanent residents and citizens for available job positions.
Under the TFWP, closed work permits are issued, meaning they are specific to a particular employer and industry. To hire an international worker, a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is needed. An LMIA evaluates the potential impact of hiring a foreign worker on Canada’s job market. For a foreign worker to be hired, the LMIA must be either neutral or positive. Importantly, it’s the employer, not the employee, who applies for the LMIA and participates in the TFWP process.
Engineers seeking employment in Canada have a good chance of obtaining a work permit through the TFWP. The demand for engineers in the Canadian job market increases the likelihood that international professionals securing a job in Canada will receive a positive or neutral LMIA. This experience in Canada contributes to their eligibility for permanent residency, when you are ready to immigrate to Canada from India as an engineer.
It’s crucial to understand that the TFWP comprises various immigration streams within it, and immigration candidates must apply through these streams. Engineers may qualify for the high or low wage streams of the TFWP, depending on their current engineering job’s salary. Additionally, there’s the Global Talent Stream (GTS), a part of TFWP, which expedites work permits for professionals with specialized education and skills. Engineers often benefit from this stream to receive work permits quickly.
Post- Graduation work permit
Another way for engineers to become eligible for permanent residency (PR) while in Canada is through a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP). This special work permit is open, meaning it allows holders to work for most employers in various industries. International students in Canada, who finish their studies at a designated learning institution, can get a PGWP. The permit’s duration is based on the length of their studies, and it can be valid for up to three years for those who want to Immigrate to Canada from India as an Engineer.
The PGWP is quite flexible, allowing Canadian-educated engineers to work for different employers and in diverse industries. This makes it a crucial path for them to not only find employment in Canada but also significantly enhance their chances of becoming permanent residents in the country.
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