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Canada has welcomed approximately 300,000 new permanent residents so far.

Immigration Minister Sean Fraser took immense pride in asserting last week that Canada hit the 300,000 mark earlier this year compared to previous years. Since Confederation in 1867, Canada has received more than 300,000 immigrants in an entire year only six times: in 1911 to 1913 and followed by 2018, 2019, and 2021.

After travel restrictions (pandemic-related) led to a drop in newcomers in 2020, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) ramped up immigration in 2021, ending off the year with a record-breaking 405,330 newcomers. Despite that IRCC could not exceed the 300,000 mark until the fourth quarter of that year.
The open data portal of IRCC has reported the number of immigrants up until June 2022. The results for both July and August will be released in the forthcoming months. By the end of June, approximately 231, 620 newcomers had immigrated to the “Land of Maple Leaf”.

The available data demonstrate to us which countries immigrants are emigrating from. As well, it shows us provinces and territories in Canada where they are landing. IRCC includes data to the nearest five as part of their endeavor to keep individual privacy protected, and shield individuals from being identified. Consequently, the sum of the data probably is not always equivalent to the total.

Listed below are some main insights into Canadian immigration during the first half of 2022.

Top 10 Source Countries

India remains the topmost source nation of new immigrants by a considerable margin. In the first half of the year, 68,280 Indians obtained Canadian permanent residency, signifying 29% of all immigrants to the country. The citizens of India have constantly been the topmost source country of new immigrants to Canada since 2017.

There was a considerable increase in permanent residents of Afghanistan following the Taliban’s conquer. In 2021, Afghanistan was the 9th most popular source nation of newcomers on the whole. That was after a flow of Afghan immigrants to Canada, which was followed in the second half of 2021 when the federal government assured to transfer of 40,000 refugees escaping from the country. So far this year, Afghanistan is ranking at number 4. As of August 31, 2022, approximately 18,075 refugees have arrived in Canada under new PR programs for Afghans.

The top 10 source countries of immigrants (Jan-June 2022) include India, China, Philippines, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Iran, France, USA, Pakistan, and Brazil.

Provincial Immigration

Ontario has considerably been the most popular landing province of immigrants. In the first six months of the year, a total of 101,155 newcomers immigrated to the province. The number of immigrants is nearly triple that of British Columbia – the second place contender.

By the end of June, 36,700 new permanent residents call the BC province their new home. While Quebec welcomed the third most immigrants – 31,880 in the first half of the year, Alberta province came in fourth with 26, 920 newcomers.

Of all the immigration classes in Canada segregated into family, refugee, and economic, Ontario welcomed the most. British Columbia welcomed the second most immigrants (economic- and family-class) and Alberta welcomed the second highest number of refugees and the third most family-class immigrants. Quebec, on the other hand, had the third most economic- and refugee-class immigrants.

Canada Continues to Push for More Number of Immigrants

Canada extensively relies on immigration so gaps in the labor market can be filled. The most recent data from Statistics Canada expresses that there are more than one million job vacancies and an unemployment rate of only 4.9%. Therefore, the nation is experiencing a labor shortage in plenty of sectors. This is strengthened as more than 9 million people in Canada will make it to the retirement age by 2030.

To battle the shortage of labor, the country can anticipate enhancing the number of immigrants to record-breaking levels each year.

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